文档库

最新最全的文档下载
  • 求职/职场
  • 总结/汇报
  • 工作bob网页登录网址
  • 教学研究
  • 资格考试
  • 外语考试
  • 高等教育
  • 高中教育
  • 初中教育
  • 小学教育
  • 幼儿教育
  • 表格/模板
  • 人文社科
  • 当前位置:文档库 > 江苏省无锡市锡山区锡东片2018届中考一模英语试题

    江苏省无锡市锡山区锡东片2018届中考一模英语试题

    初三第一次适应性练习英语试卷2018.3 本试题分两卷。第I卷(客观题)在第1至第6页,第II卷(主观题)在第7至第8页。考试时间为100分钟。试卷满分为90分。考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。考试结束后,将试题卷和答题卡一并交回。

    第I卷(客观题共50分)

    一、单项选择在A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该

    项涂黑。(本大题共14小题,每小题1分,共14分)

    1. —__________ can you run without stop?

    —I have no idea. I’m never tired.

    A. How far

    B. How soon

    C. How much

    D. How often

    2. The moving stories __________ the Chinese great achievements show the people’s hard work and

    spirit in the film, Amazing China

    A. behind

    B. of

    C. about

    D. with

    3. What a big deal! The well-designed book shelf simply cost ____________ the marked price.

    A. 25 percent as less as

    B. less than 25 percent

    C. 25 percent much than

    D. 25 percent as much

    4. The newspaper has picked out some events that mattered to the world last year and ________ our

    world for years to come.

    A. influence

    B. influenced

    C. will influence

    D. have influenced

    5. —Why is the game called Travel Frog(旅行青蛙) so popular?

    —I guess it has something to do with _________________.

    A. how did people feel like in the game

    B. how lonely people are in their real life

    C. how much do people enjoy travelling

    D. whether people’s love for traveling with frogs

    6. What a heavy snow! Some unexpected problems may be ____________ in the following days.

    A. appeared

    B. hit

    C. invented

    D. created

    7. —We can’t really change this crazy world we live in, can we?

    —Yes. We most __________ can.

    A. certainly

    B. never

    C. almost

    D. otherwise

    8. His talent of __________ different styles of music has caught the attention of many musicians.

    A. setting up

    B. building up

    C. making up

    D. taking up

    9. The photo which has won the first prize has a great ________ of color, content and feelings.

    A. advantage

    B. background

    C. balance

    D. landscape

    10. I thought the new iPhone8 was user-friendly, but it just____________ work. There is something

    wrong with it.

    A. c ouldn’t

    B. won’t

    C. mustn’t

    D. needn’t

    11. This training program can give you a rise at work, ___________ increase your pay by 40%, so you’d

    better put some efforts into it.[来源学科网]

    A. as soon as

    B. so much as

    C. as well as

    D. as possible as

    12. He was just as _________ as Mary was to hear the poor result announced by the host.

    A. amazed

    B. amazing

    C. satisfied

    D. satisfying

    13. —He was nearly chosen as the chairperson. What a pity a small mistake cost him the great chance.

    —_________________.

    A. Practice makes perfect

    B. A miss is as good as a mile

    C. Never say bad words about others behind

    D. No pains, no gains

    14. —Shall I help you with your heavy bag, lady?

    —Thanks a lot. ________________.

    A. If you like

    B. Of course you can

    C. That couldn’t be better

    D. It depends

    二、完形填空先通读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后在每小题所给的四个选项中,选出可以填入

    空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。(本大题共10小题,每小题1分,

    共10分)

    Ibby Piracha is one of many common customers at his local Starbucks in a small town in Virginia, US. However, Ibby isn’t like the other regulars(老顾客) –he’s15 .

    Krystal Payne, a new waitress, wanted to do something to make Ibby feel more 16 . So she spoke with other waiters about Ibby, learning that they always did what they could to give him excellent

    service.

    But Payne wanted to take it a step further.

    She went home and spent her night learning American Sign Language so she could better communicate with Ibby. The next day, she wrote him a small note saying: “I’ve been learning ASL, just so you can have the same 17 as everyone else.”

    Ibby was so moved by Payne’s action that he posted(贴) it on Facebook to share with his friends. His 18 was then reposted by many other people –a result that he did not 19 . But he is happy that Payne is getting what she deserves (应得).

    The next morning, Payne hea rd about the post when her manager 20 her and mentioned that there were many requests(请求) from reporters to interview her. A Starbucks spokeswoman heard about her 21 action and said the company was “very proud” of Payne’s actions.

    “My job is to22 people have the experience they expect and that’s what I gave him,” said Payne.

    Ibby sees Payne’s act of kindness as special encouragement. “It shows that she respects deaf people,” he said.

    Payne n ow knows enough ASL to take Ibby’s23 , which makes Ibby’s life much easier. In the past, Ibby would have to order through text messages that he would show to the waiters.

    Ibby still loves to visit the coffee shop, saying it is something that “gave me true 24___ even now, I’m still smiling”.

    15. A. quiet B. famous C. deaf D. blind

    16. A. welcome B. cheerful C. different D. confident

    17. A. right B. experience C. chance D. mood

    18. A. story[来源学科网] B. note C. post D. picture

    19. A. expect B. care C. want D. notice

    20. A. praised B. celebrated C. complained D. warned

    21. A. strange B. important C. kind D. brave

    22. A. protect B. promise C. allow D. make sure

    23. A. step B. rule C. order D. advice

    24. A. surprise B. pride C. challenge D. happiness

    三、阅读理解阅读下面的短文,然后根据短文内容,在每小题所给的四个选项中选出最佳选项。

    (本大题共13小题,每小题2分,共26分)

    A

    This is a tourist guide to Sunset Island

    Welcome to Sunset Island Tourist Information Center

    25Greens Street, Port George Sunset Island

    Open every day except Sunday, 09:00-17:00

    We can help you find a hotel, choose somewhere interesting to eat

    and plan your day! Please take a free map of the island!

    The following is what tourists can do in Sunset Island

    A. See Rose Mountains

    The highest mountains on the island with great views of the island in all directions Catch the 22 bus to Rosetown and spend the day climbing to five different viewpoints. If you are fit, you’ll love Rose Mountains.B. Make friends with wildlife

    At Rosetown Reserve, you’ll find wildlife that only lives on Sunset Island-get close to wild lives, deer and parrots. Easy walks and a great teahouse

    C. Our island story

    Port George Museum is open every day from 10:00 to 16:00 except Wednesday.

    Find out more about Sunset Island in the eighteenth century and the story of our people. D. Exciting nightlife

    The clubs of Port George are open every night until 04:00-the latest music every night!

    Two free drinks if you arrive before midnight.

    Here is some information of three tourists who are traveling on the sunset island. Which of the things will they enjoy most?

    25. Peter enjoys hiking in the countryside, ________ may be most suitable for him.

    26. Sally likes to go out at night and enjoys meeting people and dancing, _________ may be her best

    choice.

    27. Dave is interested in history and learning about the past, _______ will probably be what he enjoys

    most.

    B

    The same morning. Grandpa, Nat, Robbie and Alexandra are talking on the patio(露台).

    Nat: There is a way, Malcolm. We get our friends to roll their sleeves(袖子)up and get to work. Grandpa: I t’s certainly a good idea. If I could take a look at the place, I could probably tell what is requires to fix it up. How much paint, how many hours of work…

    Nat: That’s what I came to ask you to do, Malcolm. If you would come to watch over the refurbishing (翻新), I’ll find the people to help do it.

    Robbie: I’ll help too, Mr. Baker. I can get some of my friends to go around the neighbourhood and collect the furni ture we need.

    Alexandra: I’ll help.

    Grandpa: Tomorrow. Yes. We’ll meet tomorrow morning, right here.

    Robbie: Can we help?

    Alexandra: I’d really like to.

    Nat: We might need you to come through with your friends, Robbie. Not just to go around the neighbor asking for furniture, but to help with the paint job. That’s backbreaking work and

    may be too much for us.

    Robbie: I’ll do it. I’ll talk to them.

    Alexandra: And tomorrow morning we’ll all meet here to discuss the plan.

    Grandpa: Tomorrow morning it is.

    The next morning. Grandpa is in the kitchen. He is waiting for Nat’s and Robbie’s friends to arrive.

    28. How many characters are there in this play?

    A. four

    B. five

    C. less than four

    D. more than five

    29. The underlined word “backbreaking” means ______________.

    A. amazing

    B. tiring

    C. meaningful

    D. trying

    30. Who is most likely to take the lead in the project?

    A. Grandpa

    B. Robbie

    C. Malcolm

    D. Nat

    C

    Flights are often ca nceled for many different reasons, including snow, clouds, or even a bird getting caught in an airplane’s engine (发动机). But you’d never think that too much sunshine would stop a plane from taking off.

    Unluckily for passengers in Phoenix, US this summer, their travel plans went dead when more than 40

    flights in and out of the local airport were cancelled after temperatures went as high as 48°C. This is the highest temperature that many smaller planes are allowed to fly at.

    So what is it that makes flying in great heat so dangerous? The answer lies in how “thick”, the air is.

    “As air warms up, it expands (膨胀), and there’s fewer molecules (分子) under your wings,” Lou McNally, a professor at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University in the US, told the Associated Press (AP).

    When the temperature is high and th e air becomes thin, “you need more of everything. You need more thrust (推力) to take off. You need more distance to take off. You need more distance to land. It gets to a point for some aircraft that it gets just too much,” McNally explained.

    The US’ Southw est, where Phoenix is located, is experiencing an unexpectedly hot summer. This June was its third-hottest on record. According to The Guardian, up to 10 people are thought to have died as a result of the hot weather.

    The unexpected heat attacked airlines(航空公司) too, causing them to cancel all flights running on smaller planes for the safety of their passengers.

    But what about cities whose temperatures are high every summer?

    Many airlines in hot Gulf countries such as the United Arab Emirates make many flights at night or in the early morning to avoid the problem of thin air, according to AP. They also mainly use larger planes, which are able to fly in greater heat than smaller planes.

    After the temperature in Phoenix continued to climb over 40°C all through the rest of the summer, maybe now would be a good time for airlines to buy bigger planes in time for next year’s heat wave.

    31. When the weather is too hot, ______.

    A. planes are more likely to break down

    B. planes need more power and distance to take off

    C. there is much more air under the wings of a plane

    D. it takes less time for planes to take off and land

    32. How do airlines in Gulf countries deal with high temperatures?

    A. They make many flights at midday.

    B. They mainly use small planes.

    C. They build long runways for planes.

    D. They make fewer flights at midday.

    33. What’s the article mainly about?

    A. Flight accidents caused by great heat.

    B. Perfect flying condi tions for aircraft.

    C. How dangerous the flights are in hot weather.

    D. How hot weather influences flights.

    D

    The most awful words in the English language are, "Our computer is down." You hear it more and more when you are on business. The other day I was at the airport waiting for a ticket to Washington and the girl in the ticket office said, "I'm sorry, I can't sell you a ticket. Our computer is down."

    "If your computer is down, just write me out a ticket."

    "I can't write you out a ticket. The computer is the only one allowed to do so."

    I looked down on the computer and every passenger was just standing there drinking coffee and looking at the black screen. Then I asked her, "What do all you people do?"

    "We give the computer the information about your trip, and then it tells us whether you can fly with us or not."

    "So when it goes down, you go down with it."

    "That's good, sir."

    "How long will the computer be down?" I wanted to know.

    "I have no idea. Sometimes it's down for 10 minutes, sometimes for two hours. There's no way we can find out without asking the computer, and since it's down it won't answer us."

    After the girl told me they had no backup (备用) computer, I said. "Let's forget the computer. What about your planes? They're still flying, aren't they?"

    "I couldn't tell without asking the computer."

    "Maybe I could just go to the gate and ask the pilot if he's flying to Washington," I suggested.

    "I wouldn't know what gate to send you to. Even if the pilot was going to Washington, he couldn't take you if you didn't have a ticket."

    "Is there any other airline(航空公司) flying to Washington within the next few hours?"

    "I wouldn't know," she said, pointing at the dark screen. "Only 'IT' knows. 'It' can't tell me."

    By this time there were quite a few people standing in lines. The word soon spread to other travelers that the computer was down. Some people went white, some people started to cry and still others kicked their luggage (行李).

    34. The best title for the article is _____.

    A. The Most Awful Words

    B. When the Computer Is Down

    C. The Computer of the Airport

    D. Asking the Computer

    35. What could the girl in the ticket office do for the passengers without asking the computer?

    A. She could sell a ticket.

    B. She could write out a ticket.

    C. She could answer the passengers' questions.

    D. She could do nothing.

    36.What did passengers do when the computer was down?

    A. They left the airport and went home.

    B. They drank coffee and watched the black screen.

    C. They began to t alk to each other.

    D. None above.

    37. The last paragraph suggests that _____.

    A. a modern computer won't be down

    B. computers can take the place of humans

    C. sometimes a computer may drive people mad

    D. People can do more things without a computer

    第II卷(主观题共40分)

    四、词汇运用(本大题共8小题,每小题1分,共8分)

    (A) 根据句意和汉语注释,在答题卡对应题号的横线上,写出单词的正确形式。

    38. The naughty boy threw a stone into a pool to change the ___________ (表面) of the water.

    39. The concerts___________(今晚) are supposed to attract large numbers of fans of the pianist.

    40. After learning safety tips, I know _________(逗留)where one gets hurt is the first thing to do.

    41. A growing number of gun accidents call for much ___________(严厉的) laws to control guns.

    (B) 根据句意,在答题卡对应题号的横线上,写出括号内所给单词的适当形式。

    42. Stephen Hawking, passed away on March 14, 2018. His death is thought of the great _________ (lose)

    to the whole world.

    43. When getting older and older, groups of people seem rather _____________(forget).