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  • 当前位置:文档库 > 2016年湖北单招英语模拟试题:阅读表达

    2016年湖北单招英语模拟试题:阅读表达

    2016年湖北单招英语模拟试题:阅读表达

    2016年湖北单招英语模拟试题:阅读表达

    【试题内容来自于相关网站和学校提供】

    1:Directions: Read the following passage. Answer the questions according to the information given in the passage and the required words limit. Write your answers on your answer sheet.

    Several years ago, Masaru Ibuka, the chairman of Sony, was at a company planning a meeting. Suddenly he had a brilliant idea. He stopped the meeting and asked everyone present what would happen if Sony removed the recording function and speaker and sold headphones with a tape player instead. Almost everyone thought he was crazy. Still, Ibuka kept thinking about his idea and worked at refining it. The result, of course, turned out to be the wildly successful Sony Walkman.

    Good ideas often startwith a really silly question. Bill Bowerman was making breakfast one day. As he stood there making waffles(蛋奶烙饼)for his son, he wondered what would happen if he poured rubber into his waffle iron(蛋奶烙饼烤模).So, he tried and the result looked something like the bottom of most sports shoes we see today.

    Still,when he took this idea to several existing shoe companies he was literally(确实地)laughed at. In fact, every single company turned him down. Though rather disappointed. Bowerman was determined and went on to form his own company, making NIKE athletic shoes.

    Sometimes good ideas grow out of frustration. When Fred Smith was a student at Yale University, he had some paperwork that he needed to have delivered across the country the next day. Smith was amazed to find out that overnight delivery was impossible. He sat for a long while wondering why. Why couldn’t there be reliable overnight mail delivery service? He decided to design one. Smith did just that and turned his design into a class project. His business professor gave him only a C for efforts. However, Smith refined the idea in that class project and eventually turned it into one of the first and most successful overnight mail services in the world——FedEx.

    81. What did Masaru Ibuka’s idea turn out to be? (no more than 2 words)

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    82. What did Fred Smith’s teacher think of his class project? (no more than 8 words)

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    83. From what idea did Bill Bowerman make Nike athletic shoes ?(no more than 9 words)

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    84. What is the main idea of the passage? (no more than 12 words)

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    2:

    回答问题(共3小题;每小题2分,满分6分)

    阅读下面短文,根据第70至第72小题的具体要求,尽可能简要回答问题,并将答案转写到答题卡上。NUNCHAKU (《双截棍》) is one of Taiwanese pop star Jay Chou's most popular songs. In the upcoming Hollywood movie The Green Hornet (《青蜂侠》), Jay Chou will use nunchaku to fight crimes. He will play the role of Kato, which his idol Bruce Lee (李小龙) played in the 1960s' TV series.

    In The Green Hornet, Kato is a martial arts master. He drives a special car called Black Beauty for his friend Britt Reid. They fight crimes with martial arts and weapons to make the society peaceful.

    Jay Chou entered the movie business as the lead actor in Initial D (《头文字D》) in 2005. He won Best Newcomer at the Golden Horse Awards. After that, Jay's performing talent has made him even more famous. In his self-directed

    2016年湖北单招英语模拟试题:阅读表达

    movie A Secret That Can't Be Told (《不能说的秘密》), Jay starred as a talented high school student who plays the piano. This movie has won him more die-hard fans.

    However, Jay isn't satisfied. He once said: “I won't be Bruce Lee's Kato – I will bring my own understanding. It's a dream role, and I'm looking forward to the challenge.”

    70 What is Jay Chou’s upcoming Hollywood movie’s title? (回答词数不超过3个)

    ________________________________________________________________________________

    71 What does Jay Chou do in the Hollywood movie as the role of Kato? (回答词数不超过15个)

    ________________________________________________________________________________

    72。What else do you know about Jay Chou besides his singing talent from this passage? 回答词数不超过6个)________________________________________________________________________________

    3:

    第三部分:翻译(满分15分)

    第一节将下列句子翻译成汉语(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)。

    66. Tricycles are worth using if you want to explore the narrow alleys (hutong) of old Beijing.

    67. Like other animals, we are on guard until we know it is safe to relax.

    68. They say that the low-temperature lake is unlikely to be able to support such large living creatures.

    69. The tubes were attached to a long stick which helped keep the rocket moving in a straight direction.

    70. Distance surgery will become common as doctors carry out operations from thousands of miles away, with each city having its own telesurgery outpatient clinic.

    4:

    阅读下面短文,按照要求回答问题

    The Monster of Lake Tianchi

    The "Monster of Lake Tianchi" in the Changbai Mountains in Jilin province, northeast China, is back in the news after several recent sightings. The director of a local tourist office, Meng Fanying, said the monster, which seemed to be black in colour, was ten metres from the edge of the lake during the most recent sighting. "It jumped out of the water like a seal—about 200 people on Changbai's western peak saw it," he said. Although no one really got a clear look at the mysterious creature, Xue Junlin, a local photographer, claimed that its head looked like a horse.

    In another recent sighting, a group of soldiers claim they saw an animal moving on the surface of the water. The soldiers, who were walking along the side of the lake, watched the creature swimming for about two minutes. "It was greenish-black and had a round head with 10-centimetre horns", one of the soldiers said.

    A third report came from Li Xiaohe, who was visiting the lake with his family. He claims to have seen a round black creature moving quickly through the water. After three or four hundred metres it dived into the water. Ten minutes later the monster appeared again and repeated the action. Mr Li Xiaohe said that he and his family were able to see the monster clearly because the weather was fine and the lake was calm.

    There have been reports of monsters in Lake Tianchi since the beginning of the last century, although no one has seen one close up. Some photos have been taken but they are not clear because it was too far away. Many people think the monster may be a distant cousin of the Loch Ness monster in Scotland. They also think that there might be similar creatures in other lakes around the world. Scientists, however, are sceptical. They say that the

    low-temperature lake is unlikely to be able to support such large living creatures.

    Lake Tianchi is the highest volcanic lake in the world. It is 2,189 metres high and covers an area of about ten square

    2016年湖北单招英语模拟试题:阅读表达

    kilometres. In places it is more than 370 metres deep.

    51. How many sightings of the monster does the article report?

    _________________________________________________________________________

    52. Who saw the monster clearly, and why?

    _________________________________________________________________________

    53. Which description of the monster is most detailed?

    _________________________________________________________________________

    54. When was the monster first sighted?

    _________________________________________________________________________

    55. What is special about Lake Tianchi?

    ________________________________________________________________________

    5:

    第二节:阅读表达(共2小题;每小题2分,满分4分)阅读下面的短文,根据短文内容,完成下列各题。Louis Armstrong had two famous nicknames (绰号). Some people called him Bagamo. They said his mouth looked like a large bag, Musicians often called him Pops, as a sign of respect for his influence (影响) on the world of music. Born in 1901 in New Orleans, he grew up poor, but lived among great musicians. Jazz was invented in the city a few years before his birth. Armstrong often said,“Jazz and I grew up together.”

    Armstrong showed a great talent (天赋) for music when he was taught to play the cornet (短号) at a boy’s home. In his late teens, Armstrong began to live the life of a musician. He played in parades, clubs, and on the steamboats that traveled on the Mississippi River. At that time, New Orleans was famous for the new music of jazz and was home to many great musicians. Armstrong learned from the older musicians and soon became respected as their equal.

    In 1922 he went to Chicago. There, the tale of Louis Armstrong begins. From then until the end of his life, Armstrong was celebrated and loved wherever he went Armstrong had no equal when it came to playing the American popular song.

    His cornet playing had a deep humanity (仁爱) and warmth that caused many listeners to say, “Listening to Pops just makes you feel good all over.”He was the father of the jazz style(风格) and also one of the best-known and most admired people in the world. His death, on July 6,1971, was headline news around the world.

    Q1: When did he die?

    ____________________________________________________________

    Q2: Why did some people call him “Bagamo”?(no more than 9 words)

    6:London has more than nine million visitors every year.They come and visit some of the most famous places in England:Big Ben,the Tower of London and the River Thames. You can see some of the most interesting places in the city by getting on one of London’s tour buses.It has an open roof and let you off at any places you want to visit. The River Thames is London’s main waterway.It has shaped the capit al’s landscape,history and geography.So one of the best ways of making sense of the city is to take a trip along the river. Much of the river bank can now be walked along,particularly the south bank.

    The clock tower of the House of Parliament, Big Ben,has become one of the main symbols of London.It rises up nearly 100m to a golden point above the clock and a 13-ton bell.The sound of the bell,which you can hear at the beginning of many television and radio programmes,has become well-known throughout the nation.No visit to London is complete without a look at the Tower of London.It is in the eastern part of the city.After Big Ben,the Tower

    2016年湖北单招英语模拟试题:阅读表达

    may be London’s most visited tourist spot. Sightseeing in London is great,but _____.So,the best way to start the day is to fill yourself up with an English breakfast.For starters,have an

    egg,bacon,sausages,tomatoes,mushrooms,black pudding and fried bread.Then finish off with toast and jam,and a large pot of tea.You can buy an English breakfast in nearly every hotel,and in many restaurants and cafés.

    An English pub is a good place to stop for lunch and a drink:you can get hot or cold food and try one of England’s beers.Or you can sit outside one of the many roadside pubs and cafés in London,and simply watch the busy world go by.

    1. What is the best title of the passage?(Please answer within 10 words.)

    2. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one?

    It is very regretful if you don’t go to the Tower of London when visiting London.

    3. Please fill in the blank in Paragraph 5 with proper expressions to complete the sentence.

    (Please answer within 10 words.)

    4. Which place of London do you want to visit most?Why?(Please answer within 30 words.)

    5. Translate the underlined sentence in the third paragraph into Chinese.

    7:Malls are popular places for Americans to go. Some people spend so much time at malls that they are called "mall rats". Mall rats shop until they drop in the hundreds of stores.

    People like malls for many reasons. They feel safe because malls have police stations. Parking is usually free, and the weather inside is always fine. The newest malls have beautiful rest places with waterfalls and large green trees.

    The largest mall in the United States is the mall of America in Minnesota. It covers 4.2 million square feet. It has 350 stores, eight nightclubs, and a large park! there are parking spaces for 12.750 cars. about 750,000 people shop there every week.

    The first indoor mall in the United States was built in 1965 in Edina Minnesota. People love doing all their shopping in one place. More malls are built around the country. Now malls are like town centers where people

    ____________________. They shop, of course, they also eat in food courts(广场) that have food from all over the world. They see films at theaters. Some people even get their exercise by doing the new sport of "mall walking". Others go to malls to meet friends.

    In some malls, people can see a doctor and even go to the church. In other words, people can do just about everything in malls. Now people can live in their favorite shopping center in fact.

    【小题1】Why do people like malls? (please answer within 10 words)

    ______________________________________________________________________________________

    【小题2】What does “mall” mean here?

    ______________________________________________________________________________________

    【小题3】Except shopping, what else can people do in the mall? (please answer within 30 words)

    ______________________________________________________________________________________

    【小题4】Please fill in the blank in the fourth paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. (please answer within 10 words)

    ______________________________________________________________________________________

    【小题5】What is the best title of this passage?

    ______________________________________________________________________________________

    8:

    2016年湖北单招英语模拟试题:阅读表达

    第四部分:写作(共两节,满分125分)

    双向翻译(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

    请根据上下文内容,将文中划线部分译成汉语或者英语,并将答案转写到答题卡上。

    If you love books, then Three Cups of Tea: One Man’s Journey to Change the World, One Child at a Time will be your favorite. This book will take you on an adventure to one of thehighest mountains in the world.61 You will learn how the people who lived there survivedand how author Greg Mortenson helped build an education system.

    While climbing K2 in Pakistan, author Greg Mortenson became ill and got lost. He got help in a small village named Korphe.62 The people of the village took good care of him, feeding him and letting him sleep in the village chief’s house. They also gave him one of their most rare treats: sweet tea.

    As Mortenson recovered from his illness, he noticed that the children of the village worked and went to school outdoors.63 Their teacher came only three times a week and they didn’t have blackboards. They used sticks to write on the ground.

    The day he left the village,64 他许诺回来建一所学校. His school would allow both boys and girls to attend. He kept his promise and helped found a school with a building and supplies so the kids could study indoors with real writing tools.

    65 那是在一九九三年. Today Mortenson is responsible for building 80 schools in Central Asia. He has helped more than 18,000 girls receive an education so far.

    9:

    第Ⅱ卷(45分)

    第四部分:书面表达(共两节,满分45分)

    第一节:阅读表达(共5小题;每题3分,满分15分)

    阅读下面的短文,并根据短文后的要求答题。(请注意问题后的字数要求)

    You know you have to read “between the lines”to get the most out of anything. I want to persuade you to do something equally important in the course of your reading. I want to persuade you to “write between the lines.”Unless you do, you are not likely to do the most efficient kind of reading.

    There are two ways you can own a book. The first is the property right you establish by paying for it, just as you pay for clothes and furniture. But this act of purchase is only the prelude(前奏) to possession. Full ownership comes only when you have made it a part of yourself, and the best way to make yourself a part of it is by writing in it.

    Why is marking up a book necessary while reading it? First, it keeps you wide awake. In the second place, reading, if it is active, is thinking, and thinking tends to express itself in words, spoken or written. The marked book is usually the thought-through book. Finally, writing helps you remember the thoughts you had, or the thoughts the author expressed

    If reading is to accomplish anything more than passing time, it must be active. You can’t let your eyes glide(滑动) across the lines of a book and come up with an understanding of what you have read。The book you read for pleasure can be read in a state of relaxation, and nothing is lost. But a great book, rich in ideas and beauty, a book that raises and tries to answer great fundamental questions, demands the most active reading which you are able to do. If, when you have finished reading a book, the pages are your notes, you know that you read actively.

    76。Which sentence in the passage is the closest in meaning to the following one? If you “write between the lines”while reading, you probably read actively and efficiently.

    ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________

    77。What is owing a book in its true sense according to the author? (Please answer within 10 words.)

    ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________

    2016年湖北单招英语模拟试题:阅读表达

    ________

    78。List at least two reasons of marking up a book necessary while reading it. (Please answer within 30 words.)

    ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________

    79。Translate the underlined sentence in the last paragraph into Chinese.

    ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________

    80。Fill in the blanks in the last sentence with proper words. (Please answer within 10 words)

    ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________

    1,3,5

    10:The oldest stone buildings in the world are the pyramids. __66__. There are over eighty of them scattered along the banks of the Nile, some of which are different in shape from the true pyramids. The most famous of these are the “step” pyramid and “ Bent ”pyramid.

    Some of the pyramids still look much the same as they must have done when they were built thousands of years ago. Most of the damage suffered by the others has been at the hands of men who were looking for treasure or, more often, for stone to use in modern buildings.__67__. These are good reasons why they can still be seen today, but perhaps the most important is that they were planned to last forever. __68__. However, there are no writings or pictures to show us how the Egyptians planned or built the pyramids themselves. __69__. Nevertheless, by examining the actual pyramids and various tools which have been found, archaeologists have formed a fairly clear picture of them.

    One thing is certain: there must have been months of careful planning before they could begin to build. __70__. You may think this would have been easy with miles and miles of empty desert around, but a pyramid could not be built just anywhere. Certain rules had to be followed, and certain problems had to be overcome. E. Many people were killed while building the pyramids.

    F. They have stood for nearly 5,000 years, and it seems likely that they will

    continue to stand for thousands of years yet.

    G. It takes workers twenty years to build the Pyramids.

    11:Sleepless in Seattle? Hardly. West Virginia is where people are really staying awake, according to the first government study to monitor state-by-state differences in sleeplessness. West Virginians’ lack of sleep was about double the national rate, perhaps a side effect of health problems such as obesity (肥胖), experts said.

    Nearly 1 in 5 West Virginians said they did not get a single good night’s sleep in the previous month. The national average was about 1 in 10, according to a federal health survey. Tennessee, Kentucky and Oklahoma also werenotablyabove average with nearly 1 in 7 people reporting in a lack of sleep. In contrast, North Dakota was below average, with only 1 in 13 reporting that degree of sleeplessness. Health officials do not know the exact reasons for the differences.

    In the survey, people weren’t required to answer the question why they were not able to get enough rest or sleep. But experts noted several possible explanations: West Virginia ranks at or near the bottom of the nation in several

    2016年湖北单招英语模拟试题:阅读表达

    important measurements of health, including obesity, smoking, heart disease and the proportion of adults with disabilities.

    Studies have increasingly found that sleeping problems often occurred among people with certain health problems, including obesity. “You would expect to see poorer sleep within a chronically (慢性地) diseased population,” noted Dr Ronald Chervin, a sleep disorders expert in University of Michigan.

    Financial stress and work shifts (倒班) can play roles in sleeplessness, too, Chervin added. He suggested those may be contributing factors in West Virginia, an economically depressed state with tens of thousands of people working in coal mining.

    The report was based on results of an annual telephone survey of more than 400,000 Americans, including at least 3,900 in each state. The survey did not include people who use only cellphones.

    【小题1】What is the main idea of Paragraph 1? (No more than 15 words.)

    ___________________________________________________________________________

    【小题2】What does the underlined word “notably” in Paragraph 2 mean? (No more than 3 words.)

    ___________________________________________________________________________

    【小题3】What was the possible reason for the high rate of sleeplessness in West Virginia according to Paragraph 3? (No more than 12 words.)

    ___________________________________________________________________________

    【小题4】List three factors that contribute to sleeplessness based on the passage.

    (No more than 8 words.)

    ①____________________②_____________________③______________________

    【小题5】How was the research carried out? (No more than 10 words.)

    ___________________________________________________________________________

    12:When we're learning a foreign language, making sense of what we hear is the first step toward fluency. It sounds obvious, but until recently, we didn't know much about how listening works. New research shows that effective listening involves more than simply hearing the words that float past our ears. Rather, it's an active process of analysing information and making meaning.

    Studies of skilled language learners have identified specific listening strategies that lead to excellent comprehension. In addition to that benefit, research has shown that learners who adopt these strategies become better listeners.

    So what are listening strategies? Skilled learners go into a listening activity with a sense of what they want to get out of it. They set a goal for their listening, and they make predictions about what the speaker will say. Before the talking begins, they review what they already know about the subject, and form an intention to “listen out for”what's important. Once they begin listening, these learners maintain their focus; if their attention wanders, they bring it back to the words being spoken. They don't allow themselves to be thrown off by confusing or unfamiliar details. Instead, they take note of what they don't understand and later make inferences(推测)about what those things might mean, based on other clues available to them: their previous knowledge of the subject, the identity of the speaker, and so on. All the while, skilled learners are evaluating what they're hearing and their own understanding of it. They're checking their inferences to see if they're correct.

    Such strategies are all about thinking, and they produce a variety of benefits. Research indicates that such learners are better at analysing and storing new information, better at finding the best ways to practice what they have learned. Last year, for example, University of Ottawa researcher Larry Vandergrift published his study of 106 undergraduates who were learning French as a second language. Half of the students were taught in a traditional fashion, listening to and practicing texts spoken aloud. The other half, dealing with the same skill level and taught by

    2016年湖北单招英语模拟试题:阅读表达

    the same teacher, were given clear instruction on how to listen. In the journal Language Learning, Vandergrift reported the results: The second group “significantly outperformed(胜过)” the first one on a test of comprehension. In a 2006 study by researchers from Singapore, Chinese speakers who were learning English as a second language reported increased motivation and confidence after they were taught metacognitive strategies.

    Though listening is often treated as a way to make others feel appreciated, it's also one of the most powerful tools

    2016年湖北单招英语模拟试题:阅读表达

    13:【题文】Read the following passage. Answer the questions according to the information given in the passage.

    2016年湖北单招英语模拟试题:阅读表达

    In Britain and other countries, young people usually take a “gap year”, a year off between high school and college. This idea never gained a big following in the United States. Recent news reports have suggested that interest may be growing, though there are no official numbers.

    Charles Deacon, the dean of admissions estimates that in the current first-year class of one thousand six hundred students, only twenty-five percent decided to take a year off. He says this number has not changed much over the years. He says the most common reasons to have a chance to travel, but international students may take a gap year to meet requirements at home for military duty.

    Some high school graduates see a year off as a chance to recover after twelve years of required education. But it can also give students a chance to explore their interest.

    Many colleges and universities support gap-year projects by permitting students to delay their admission. Experts say

    2016年湖北单招英语模拟试题:阅读表达

    students can grow emotionally and intellectually as they work at something they enjoy. The Harvard admissions office has an essay on its Web site called “Time Out or Burn Out for the Next Generation”. It praises the idea of taking time off to step back, think and enjoy gaining life experience outside the pressure of studies. Of course, a gap year is not for everyone. Students might miss their friends who go on directly to college. And parents might worry that their children will decide not to go to college once they take time off. Another concern is money. A year off, away from home, can be costly.

    Holly Bull is the president of the Center for Interim Programs. Her company specializes in helping students plan their gap year. She notes that several books have been written about this subject. And she points out that many gap-year programs cost far less than a year of college.

    【小题1】How do many colleges and universities support gap-year projects? (No more than 8 words)

    【小题2】According to Charles Deacon, how many students in the current first-year class of his school decided to take a gap year? (No more than 8 words)

    【小题3】What is the purpose of some high school students taking a gap year?( No more than 6 words)

    【小题4】Why do parents worry about children’s gap year? (No more than 15 words)

    14:

    1 Futuroscope里有如此多先进的设备,卡彭特(Carpenter)一家玩得很开心。(so---that)

    2在学一门语言时, 我们很可能犯错误。(be likely to)

    3看着古老漂亮的中国陶瓷(pot),她为祖国无比自豪。(V-ing 作状语)

    4这个主题公园内所有景区都是按古代中国的生活复制的。(be modelled after )

    5 那位歌手兼钢琴家常常在大城市举办音乐会。

    15:【题文】阅读下面的短文,并根据文章后的要求答题。(请注意问题后的词数要求)

    [1] The key word is practice! Practice, practice, practice!! There is no other way. There is no magic. The way to get better at listening to English is to listen to English. That’s the not-so-good news.

    [2] The good news is there are many ways to listen and many things to listen to.

    [3] Listening to English songs can be fun. But be careful! Most ____________ use the language in a special way that you don’t hear every day. You don’t want to start speaking English like a poet or songwriter. If you do listen to English songs, listen to different ones. This will help you train your ears to different voices, pronunciations and rhythms. [4] If you can, get a copy of the lyrics(歌词) so you can read them and listen to them at the same time. It is sometimes better to listen with your eyes as well as your ears—more information to help the brain.

    [5] Watch English DVDs. But, this time, do not use your eyes to read the subtitles (字幕). Turn off the subtitles, because movies have so many other clues about what is happening that it is better not to use the subtitles. This forces your ears to do the work.

    [6]Choose one character (人物) that interests you and pay attention to what they say and how they say it.If you can, repeat a line out loud after they have said it. Teach yourself one or more sayings, phrases or ways of talking that you will use after watching the movie.

    2016年湖北单招英语模拟试题:阅读表达

    [7] A new and growing resource of English language for listening can be found in blogs. Blogs are in MP3 format and can be loaded first onto your computer and then onto you MP3 player for very convenient take-with-you listening. [8] You can find many English listening practices are fun, new, educational and in unending supply.

    【小题1】What is the main idea of the passage? (within 10 words.)

    ___________________________________________________________________________

    【小题2】Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one?

    At times, we can use not only our ears but our eyes to listen to get more information..

    ___________________________________________________________________________

    【小题3】Please fill in the blank in Paragraph 3 with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. (within 2 words.)

    ___________________________________________________________________________

    【小题4】List three ways of practising your English listening.(within 15words.)

    ①__________________②__________________③__________________

    【小题5】Translate the underlined sentence in Paragraph 6 into Chinese.

    ________________________________________________________________________

    答案部分

    1、B

    2、C

    3、B

    4、B

    2016年湖北单招英语模拟试题:阅读表达

    5、B

    6、1. Visiting/Paying a Visit to London

    2. No visit to London is complete without a look at the Tower of London.

    3. (it can be very) tiring/you can get tired/it takes strength

    4. I want to visit the River Thames most. Because we can get a further impression of the city’s history,geography and culture./ Because the landscape of the river is wonderful.

    5. 因此了解这座城市的最好的方式之一就是沿河旅游。

    1. 通读全文把握关键词:Visit,London

    2. 由关键词:Tower of London visiting London推出。

    3. 按照相近段意思来填。

    4. 答案可以依据原文意思。

    5. 分析句式,注意句子成分之间的关系。

    7、

    【小题1】because they feel safe and comfortable there.

    【小题2】a shopping centre.

    【小题3】they can eat food, see films, do exercises, meet friends, see doctor and even go to the church.

    【小题4】come to do many things.

    【小题5】the malls in America.

    试题分析:本文叙述了美国的购物中心的功能。因为购物中心安全舒适,许多美国人很喜欢去那儿。购物中心的设施齐全,人们在那儿除了购物,还可以吃东西,看电影,做锻炼,见朋友,还可以看病和去教堂。现在很多人都可以住在自己最喜欢的购物中心。

    【小题1】根据第二段的They feel safe because malls have police stations. Parking is usually free, and the weather inside is always fine. The newest malls have beautiful rest places with waterfalls and large green trees.可知购物中心有警察局,天气好,又有带瀑布和绿树的休息的地方,可以概括因为这里安全,舒适,所以人们喜欢购物中心。因此答案为:because they feel safe and comfortable there.

    【小题2】根据第三段的about 750,000 people shop there every week.可知Mall是购物的地方,即购物中心。所以mall的意思是:a shopping centre.

    【小题3】根据第四段的They shop, of course, they also eat in food courts(广场) that have food from all over the world. They see films at theaters. Some people even get their exercise by doing the new sport of "mall walking". Others go to malls to meet friends.和最后一段的In some malls, people can see a doctor and even go to the church. 可知人们可以在购物中心吃东西,看电影,做锻炼,见朋友,还可以看病和去教堂。故答案是:they can eat food, see films, do

    2016年湖北单招英语模拟试题:阅读表达

    exercises, meet friends, see doctor and even go to the church.

    【小题4】根据第四段的eat,see films,get their exercise,meet friends可知他们到购物中心可以有很多事情要做。故答案是:come to do many things.

    【小题5】根据第一段的Malls are popular places for Americans to go可知本文讲的是美国的购物中心。故答案是:the malls in America.

    考点:阅读表达。

    8、

    61. 你就会了解到住在那里的人们是如何生存的。

    62. 村民们细心照顾他。

    63. 他们的老师一周只来三次。

    64. he promised to come back and build a school.

    65. That was in 1993.

    9、

    81。The danger of desertification/ Pay more attention to desertification

    82。has become desert

    83。Desertification takes place where the rain is little and the climate is hot.

    84。In my opinion, we can plant more trees and grass to hold the soil. We also shouldn’t over-farm the soil.

    85。认识到沙漠(化)对人类的危害,联合国把2006年定为/命名为国际沙漠和沙漠化年。

    10、

    【小题1】F

    【小题2】A

    【小题3】B

    【小题4】D

    【小题5】C

    【小题1】F句意:它们已经矗立于世将近5000年,看上去它们还将继续屹立不倒长达几千年。

    【小题2】A句意:埃及干燥的气候保护了这些金字塔,而且它们的形状也使它们免于变成废墟的危险。

    【小题3】B句意:“…其他大型工程的设计图都被幸运地保存了下来”与后面的“However,there are no writings”相呼应。

    【小题4】D句意:我们只能猜测建造金字塔的方法。

    【小题5】C句意:他们必须要做的第一件事就是选择一个合适的地方。

    2016年湖北单招英语模拟试题:阅读表达

    11、

    【小题1】West Virginians suffer from lack of sleep the most perhaps due to health problems.

    【小题2】Highly

    【小题3】West Virginia had a low level of several important measurements of health.

    【小题4】①being too fat ②financial stress ③work shifts

    【小题5】By interviewing over 400,000 Americans on the telephone.

    试题分析:文章介绍西弗吉尼亚州人的失眠问题,分析他们失眠的原因和造成失眠的因素。

    【小题1】段落大意题:从第一段的句子:West Virginians’ lack of sleep was about double the national rate, perhaps a side effect of health problems such as obesity (肥胖), experts said.可知这段讲的是:西弗吉尼亚州的人可能因为健康问题失眠:West Virginians suffer from lack of sleep the most perhaps due to health problems.

    【小题2】猜词题:从第二段的句子:Tennessee, Kentucky and Oklahoma also were notably above average with nearly 1 in 7 people reporting in a lack of sleep.其中的比例1:7可知比1:10要高,notably= Highly

    【小题3】细节题:从第三段的句子:West Virginia ranks at or near the bottom of the nation in several important measurements of health, including obesity, smoking, heart disease and the proportion of adults with disabilities. 西弗吉尼亚州的人失眠是因为他们的健康测量的水平都很低。West Virginia had a low level of several important measurements of health.

    【小题4】细节题:根据第四段的:including obesity. 和第五段的Financial stress and work shifts (倒班) can play roles in sleeplessness, too,可知导致失眠的原因有:①being too fat ②financial stress ③work shifts

    【小题5】细节题:从最后一段的:The report was based on results of an annual telephone survey of more than 400,000 Americans,可知调查是通过电话采访400,000个美国人。By interviewing over 400,000 Americans on the telephone.

    考点:考查阅读表达

    12、

    【小题1】Definition

    【小题2】analysis

    【小题3】benefits

    【小题4】adopting

    【小题5】known

    【小题6】Predict

    【小题7】focus

    【小题8】accuracy

    【小题9】motivated

    【小题10】Conclusion

    学外语练听力基本策略。

    【小题1】解析右栏是下定义。

    答案Definition

    【小题2】解析由Rather, it's an active process of analysing information and making meaning可见答案。

    2016年湖北单招英语模拟试题:阅读表达

    答案analysis

    【小题3】解析第二段讲的是优点,由In addition to that benefit可见答案。

    答案benefits

    【小题4】解析由research has shown that learners who adopt these strategies become better listeners.可知答案。答案adopting

    【小题5】解析由Before the talking begins, they review what they already know about the subject可知答案。

    答案known

    【小题6】解析由。http://www.wendangku.net/doc/2c67e9fab90d6c85ed3ac647.htmlter make inferences(推测)about what those things might mean可知答案。

    答案Predict

    【小题7】解析由Once they begin listening, these learners maintain their focus可知答案。

    答案focus

    【小题8】由All the while, skilled learners are evaluating what they're hearing...to see if they're correct.可知答案。

    答案accuracy

    【小题9】由倒数第二段的Chinese speakers...reported increased motivation...可知答案。

    答案motivated

    【小题10】最后一段是总结。

    答案Conclusion

    13、

    【小题1】By permitting students to delay their admission.

    【小题2】About 400 / 25 percent of students decided to take a gap year.

    【小题3】To recover and explore their interest.

    【小题4】Because it may cost much money and make children not go to college./

    Because they are worried about high costs and children’s decision not to go to college.

    试题分析:文章讲述越来越多的美国学生选择take a gap year这样一种受教育方式。即休学一年,周游世界或做自己喜欢做的事情。

    【小题1】从第四段第一句Many colleges and universities support gap-year projects by permitting students to delay their admission可得知答案

    【小题2】从第一段the dean of admissions estimates that in the current first-year class of one thousand six hundred students, only twenty-five percent decided to take a year off可以得知只有25%或1600/4=400人决定休息一年。【小题3】从第三段But it can also give students a chance to explore their interest知高中生take a gap year是为了探索发现他们的兴趣。

    【小题4】考查推理、判断。根据倒数第二段最后一句parents might worry that their children will decide not to go to college once they take time off. Another concern is money可以得知答案。

    考点:文化类阅读简答

    点评:文章讲述越来越多的美国学生选择take a gap year这样一种受教育方式。即休学一年,周游世界或做自己喜欢做的事情。阅读简答搜索答案的技巧:根据题于中的关键字定位原文。用来定位原文的关键词—般有两种。1。原词定位。题干中有一些外表有特点且醒目的字,如人名、地名、数字、大写字母、专有名词等,在原文中可根据这些特点快速定位;还有一些题干表达主要意恩的词,一般是实词(名词、动词、形容词和副词),这样的词往往直接涉及文章中的重点细节信息,有利于定位的准确性。2。近义词定位。题干中的关键字可能在原文中以同义词或者近义词的方式出现,不一定是原词的重现。即我们常说的“同义改写”或者“同义替换”。如alter/

    2016年湖北单招英语模拟试题:阅读表达

    change;choice/alternative等

    14、

    2016年湖北单招英语模拟试题:阅读表达

    15、

    【小题1】Ways to practise your listening

    【小题2】It is sometimes better to listen with your eyes as well as your ears—more information to help the brain. 【小题3】English songs

    【小题4】Listening to English songs; getting a copy of the lyrics; watching English DVDs; imitating a character’s ways of talking; listening to MP3 in blogs

    【小题5】选择一个你感兴趣的角色,注意他们说什么,怎么说。

    试题分析:

    【小题1】根据文章第一段可知本文讲述的关于练习英语的各种方法。

    【小题2】根据文章第四段It is sometimes better to listen with your eyes as well as your ears—more information to help the brain.说明我们既可以使用耳朵听也可以使用眼睛看来获取信息。

    【小题3】根据上一句Listening to English songs can be fun.说明本段是使用英文歌曲来进行练习。

    【小题4】根据文章3-8段的内容可知每一段都是一种练习方法。故随便使用其中三个即可。

    【小题5】翻译(略)

    考点:考查教育类短文

    点评:本文是关于英语学习中的各种练习的方法。主要考查了细节题,要求这些辨析文章中给出的各种练习方法。