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  • 当前位置:文档库 > 高考英语必备短语(B4版)

    高考英语必备短语(B4版)

    编者说明

    学习任何一门语言,贵在积累,也难在积累。所有的英语词类中,动词最难也最重要;“介词是除动词之外最重要的(张道真)”。

    高三第二轮复习用书所附带的《热点重点难点专题解析》,在“高考英语必备短语”这一部分里,25大类囊括了编者精心选择的305个词。其中动词14类,178个词;主系表结构8类,92个词(其实二者都是“动词”);介词词组,3类,35个词。

    使用这个资料的目的有二个:1. 在高一、高二、高三各学段它都可以帮助我们熟悉、归纳、记忆、使用重要词组。2. 能从一个极其重要的角度直观地告诉我们如何学习英语(learn to make good /full use of phrases)。对高一来讲,也许这才是第一目的。

    使用建议:“25大类,305个词?”。你是不是觉得有点儿太多?

    不多,真不多。读书,要先把书读薄,然后再把书读厚。这是一种方法,更是一种能力和境界的变化、转换和提升。

    前边动词14类,其实可分为4大类:一、二、六、七;三、四、五;

    九、十、十一;八、十二、十三、十四。

    中间“主系表结构”,十五至二十二8大类,其实就是1类:“系动词+形容词+ 8个不同介词”。

    最后3大类,即二十三到二十五,就是都“含有介词in的复合介词”罢了。是真的不难吧?

    看完了,想透了,说穿了,一言以蔽之,就是:所有人学习任何一门语言,就是在不断地学习、积累各种各样的词组。有了学习、积累词组的意识、习惯和能力,就慢慢获得了越来越多的知识,获取知识与能力的速度与效率也就越来越高。学习者—你就会进入一个更新、更高的学识与智慧的大境界。

    高考英语必备短语

    一、接不定式(而不接动名词)作宾语的动词

    Afford to do sth 负担得起做某事Agree to do sth 同意做某事Arrange to do sth 安排做某事ask to do sth 要求做某事

    Beg to do sth 请求作某事decide to do sth 决定做某事Demand to do sth 要求做某事hope to do sth 希望做某事Manage to do 设法做某事offer sth to do sth 主动提出做某事Pretend to do sth 假装做某事promise to do sth 答应做某事Refuse to do sth 拒绝做某事wish to do sth 希望做某事

    二、接动名词(而不接不定式)作宾语的动词

    Admit doing sth承认做某事advice doing sth 建议做某事allow doing sth 允许做某事appreciate doing sth感激做某事avoid doing sth 避免做某事consider doing sth 考虑做某事delay doing sth 推迟做某事deny doing sth 否认做某事discuss doing sth 讨论做某事enjoy doing sth 喜爱做某事escape doing sth 逃避做某事excuse doing sth 原谅做某事fancy doing sth 设想做某事finish doing sth 完成做某事forbid doing sth 禁止做某事forgive doing sth 原谅做某事imagine doing sth 想象做某事keep doing sth 保持做某事mention doing sth 提及做某事mind doing sth 介意做某事miss doing sth 错过做某事practice doing sth 练习做某事risk doing sth 冒险做某事stop doing sth 停止做某事suggest doing sth 建议做某事

    三、接不定式作宾补的动词

    Advise sb to do sth建议某人做某事allow sb to do sth允许某人做某事

    Ask sb to do sth请/叫某人做某事command sb to do sth命令某人做某事Drive sb to do sth驱使某人做某事elect sb to do sth选举某人做某事Encourage sb to do sth鼓励某人做某事expect sb to do sth期望某人做某事Forbid sb to do sth禁止某人做某事force sb to do sth强迫某人做某事Intend sb to do sth打算要某人做某事invite sb to do sth邀请某人做某事Leave sb to do sth留下某人做某事mean sb to do sth打算要某人做某事Order sb to do sth命令某人做某事permit sb to do sth 允许某人做某事Persuade sb to do sth说服某人做某事remind sb to do sth 提醒某人做某事Warn sb to do sth 警告某人做某事wish sb to do sth 希望某人做某事

    注:不要受汉语意思的影响而误用以下动词结构:

    excuse/forgive sb. for doing sth 原谅某人做某事,不说excuse/forgive sb. to do sth. advise sb to do sth 建议某人做某事,不说suggest/propose sb to do sth.

    wish sb to do sth 希望某人做某事,不说hope sb to do sth

    arrange for sb to do sth 安排某人做某事,不说arrange sb to do sth

    demand of sb to do sth 要求某人做某事,不说demand so to do sth

    thank sb for doing sth 感谢某人做某事,不说thank sb to do sth

    congratulate sb on doing sth 祝贺某人做某事,不说congratulate sb to do sth prevent sb from doing sth 阻止某人做某事,不说prevent sb to do sth

    四、接现在分词作宾补的动词

    Bring sb doing sth 引起某人做某事catch sb doing sth 撞上某人做事Discover sb doing sth发现某人做某事feel sb doing sth感觉某人正在做某事Find sb doing sth碰上(撞上)某人做某事hear sb doing sth 听见某人正在做某事Keep sb doing sth 使某人不停地做某事notice sb doing sth注意某人正在做某事Observe sb doing sth 观察到某人正做某事prevent sb doing sth阻止某人做某事See sb doing sth 看见某人正在做某事

    五、接动词原形作宾补的动词

    Feel sb do sth 感觉某人做某事have sb do sth 使某人做某事Hear sb do sth 听见某人做某事let sb do sth 让某人做某事

    Listen sb do sth 听着某人做某事look at sb do sth 看着某人做某事Make sb do sth 使某人做某事notice sb do sth注意某人做某事Observe sb do sth 观察某人做某事see sb do sth 看见某人做某事Watch sb do sth 观察某人做某事

    六、接不定式或者动名词作宾语意思相同的动词

    Like to do/doing sth 喜欢做某事Love to do/doing sth 喜欢做某事Hate to do/doing sth 憎恨做某事Prefer to do/doing sth 宁可做某事Begin to do/doing sth 开始做某事Start to do/doing sth 开始做某事Continue to do/doing sth 继续做某事Attempt to do/doing sth 试图做某事

    七、接不定式或者动名词作宾语,但意思不相同的动词

    1. Remember to do sth 记住要做某事

    Remember doing sth 记得曾做过某事

    2. forget to do sth 忘记要做某事

    forget doing sth 忘记曾经做过某事

    3. regret to do sth 后悔(遗憾)要做某事

    regret doing sth 后悔(遗憾)曾经做过某事

    4. try to do sth 设法做某事

    try doing sth 尝试做某事

    5. mean to do sth 打算做某事

    mean doing sth 意味着做某事

    6. can’t help to do sth 不能帮助做某事

    can’t help doing sth 禁不住做某事

    7. go on to do sth 做完某事后接着做另一件事

    go on doing sth 继续做一直在做的事情

    八.双宾语易位时需要借助介词to的动词

    Award sb sth =award sth to sb 颁奖给某人

    Bring sb sth = bring sth to sb 把某物带给某人

    Lend sb sth = lend sth to sb 把某物借给某人

    Mail sb sth = mail sth to sb 把某物寄给某人

    Offer sb sth = offer sth to sb 将某物给某人

    Owe sb sth = owe sth to sb 欠某人某物

    Pass sb sth = pass sth to sb 把某物递给某人

    Show sb sth = show sth to sb 把某物拿给某人看

    Tell sb sth = tell sth to sb 告诉某人某事

    九.可用于“v.+ sb + of sth”结构的动词

    Accuse sb of sth 控告某人犯某事;指责某人某事

    Cure sb of sth 治好某人的病;改掉某人的坏习惯

    Inform sb of sth 通知某人某事Remind sb of sth 使某人想起某事Rid sb of sth 使某人摆脱某物Rob sb of sth 抢劫某人某物Warn sb of sth 警告某人某事Cheat sb of sth 骗取某人某物

    十、可用于“v.+ sb.+ for doing sth ”结构的动词

    Blame sb for doing sth 指责某人做某事

    Criticize sb for doing sth 批评某人做某事

    Excuse sb for doing sth 原谅某人做某事Forgive sb for doing sth 原谅某人做某事

    Pardon sb for doing sth 原谅某人做某事

    Punish sb for doing sth 惩罚某人做某事

    Scold sb for doing sth 指责(责备)某人做某事Thank sb for doing sth 感谢某人做某事

    十一、可用于“v.+ sb + into doing sth”结构的动词Cheat sb into doing sth 欺骗某人做某事

    Trick sb into doing sth 欺骗某人做某事

    Force sb into doing sth 迫使某人做某事

    Argue sb into doing sth 说服某人做某事

    Talk sb into doing sth 说服某人做某事

    Frighten sb into doing sth 吓唬某人做某事Persuade sb into doing sth 说服某人做某事

    十二、可以接“to do sth ”结构的动词

    1.v. + to (prep) + v.ing

    admit to doing sth 承认做了某事

    apply to doing sth 适用于做某事

    object to doing sth 反对做某事

    see to doing sth 负责做某事

    stick to doing sth 坚持做某事

    take to doing sth 喜欢上做某事,逐渐习惯做某事2. v.+宾语+ to (prep) + v.ing

    Apply oneself to doing sth专心致力于做某事Devote sth to doing sth 把……用在

    Devote oneself to doing sth 献身于做某事

    Limit sth to doing sth 把……限制在做某事的范围内

    Reduce sb to doing sth 使某人沦为做某事

    3. v. + n.+ to (prep) + v.ing

    Give one’s life to doing sth 献身于做某事

    Give one’s mind to doing sth 专心做某事

    Have a dislike to doing sth 厌恶做某事

    Have an eye to doing sth 注意做某事

    Have an objection to doing sth 反对(反感)做某事

    Pay attention to doing sth注意做某事

    Set one’s mind to doing sth 决心做某事

    4. be + 动词过去分词+ to(prep) doing sth

    Be used to doing sth习惯于做某事

    Be opposed to doing sth 反对做某事

    Be reduced to doing sth 使沦为做某事

    Be devoted to doing sth 把时间(钱、精力等)献身做某事

    Be limited to doing sth 把……限制在做某事的范伟内

    5. 动词短语+ to (prep) + doing sth

    Get down to doing sth 开始做某事

    Look forward to doing sth 盼望做某事

    十三、容易误用作及物动词的不及物动词

    Deal with a problem 处理问Depend on sb 依靠(依赖)某人

    Insist on doing sth 坚持要做某事Knock on/at the door 敲门

    Operate on sb 为某人做手术Participate in sth 参加某事

    Refer to sth 查阅(参考)某物Rely on sb/sth 依靠(依赖)某人(某物)Reply to a letter 回信十四、容易误用作不及物动词的及物动词

    Serve sb服务某人Marry sb 与某人结婚

    Discuss sth 讨论某事Mention sth 提到某事

    Enter a room 进入房间Contact sb 与某人联系

    Equal sth 等于某Ring sb 给某人电话

    十五、“be+ adj.+ about”结构

    Be angry about为……生气Be anxious about 为……担忧

    Be curious about 对……好奇Be particular about 对……讲究(挑剔)Be serious about 对……认真Be sure about 对……有把握

    Be worried about 对……担忧

    十六、“be+ adj.+ at”结构

    Be angry at为……生气Be bad at 不善于

    Be clever at 擅长于Be disappointed at 对……失望

    Be expert at 在……方面是内行Be good at 善于

    Be mad at 对……发怒Be quick at 在……方面敏捷

    Be skilful at 在……方面熟练Be slow at 在……方面迟钝

    十七、“be+ adj.+ for ”结构

    Be anxious for 渴望Be bad for 对……有害(不利)

    Be convenient for 对……方便Be eager for 渴望

    Be famous for 因……闻名Be fit for 合适;适合

    Be good for 对……有益(方便)Be grateful for 感谢

    Be hungry for 渴望得到Be necessary for 对……有必要

    Be ready for 为……准备好Be sorry for 因……抱歉

    Be suitable for 对……合适(适宜)Be thankful for 因……而感激

    十八、“be+ adj.+ from”结构

    Be absent from 缺席,不在Be different from 缺席;不在

    Be far from 离……远;远远不Be free from 没有;免受

    十九、“be+ adj.+ in”结构

    Be concerned in 与……有关Be disappointed in 对(某人)感到失望Be engaged in 从事于;忙于Be experienced in 在……方面有经验

    Be interested in 对……感兴趣Be lacking in 缺乏

    Be rich in 富于;在……方面富有Be skilful in 擅长于

    Be successful in 在……方面成功Be weak in 在……方面不行

    二十、“be+ adj.+ of”结构

    Be afraid of 害怕Be ashamed of 为……感到羞愧

    Be aware of 意识到;知道Be capable of 能够;可以

    Be careful of 小心;留心Be certain of 确信;对……有把握Be fond of 喜欢Be free of 没有;摆脱

    Be full of 充满Be glad of 为……而高兴

    Be nervous of 害怕Be proud of 为……自豪

    Be short of 缺乏Be sure of 肯定;有把握

    Be tired of 对……厌烦Be worthy of 值得;配得上二十一、“be+ adj.+ to ”结构

    Be accustomed to 习惯于Be blind to 对……视而不见

    Be close to 靠近;接近Be cruel to 对……残酷(无情)

    Be devoted to 献身;专心于Be equal to 等于;能胜任

    Be familiar to 为(某人)所熟悉Be harmful to 对……有危害

    Be important to 对……重要Be open to 对……开放;愿意接受……的Be opposed to 反对;不赞成Be opposite to 在……对面;和……相反Be polite to 对……有礼貌Be related to 与……有关

    Be respectful to 对……尊敬Be rude to 对……无礼

    Be similar to 与……相似

    二十二、“be + adj. + with”结构

    Be angry with 对(某人)生气Be bored with 对……厌烦

    Be busy with 忙于Be careful with 小心

    Be concerned with 关于;与……有关Be content with 以……为满足

    Be familiar with 熟悉;精通Be honest with 对(某人)真诚Be ill with 患……病Be patient with 对(某人)有耐心Be pleased with 对……满意/高兴Be popular with 受……欢迎

    Be satisfied with 对……满意Be strict with 对(某人)严格

    二十三、“in+ n. + of”结构

    In advance of 在……前面;超过In aid of 帮助

    In case of 如果;万一;以防In celebration of 庆祝

    In charge of 负责;管理In commemoration of 纪念;庆祝

    In defense of 保卫In explanation of 解释

    In face of 面对In favor of 赞成;主张

    In front of 在……前面In honor of 纪念;祝贺;欢迎

    In memory of 纪念In need of 需要

    In place of 代替In possession of 拥有

    In praise of 称赞In respect of 关于;就……而言

    In search of 寻找;搜寻In sight of 看得见;在看见……的地方

    In spite of 虽然;尽管In support of 支持;拥护

    In view of 鉴于;考虑到

    二十四、“in+ n. + for”结构

    In exchange for 作为对……的交换In preparation for 为……做准备

    In return for 作为……的报答In reward for 作为……的报酬

    二十五、“in+ n. + to”结构

    In addition to 除……之外In answer to 回答;响应

    In contrast to/with 与……形成对比In opposition to与……相反;反对

    In reply to 作为对……的回答(答复)In response to 回答;响应

    In reference to 关于In regard to 关于

    ————二点说明:

    1.为保持原书原稿的原状,对全稿二十五部分没有进行另行编序。建议/要求实际使用的

    时候,按照“使用建议”所述内容予以调整,以求获得更好学习效果。

    2.只有英语句子的开头才能大写,词组不能大写。因为电脑默认的原因,好多处于开头

    的字母都成了大写。特此说明。——————————————————————————————————————- -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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